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Rishton Pharmacy header on each page
Aesculap icon

Emblems of pharmacy

A Who is Who
and What is What
for the filmstrip on our title page

As these images show, the pharmacist's profession is part of an ancient tradition.


Asklepios, Greek god of medicine   Hygieia, daughter of Asclepios
Asklepios, Greek god of medicine   Hygieia, daughter of Asklepios. You can see the serpent and her bowl, symbolising medicine.
Asklepios ( = Asclepius, Aesculapius, Aesculap) was the son of the Greek god Apollo. Among his six daughters were Hygieia (cleanliness) and Panacea (All-Healing). Hygieia is often depicted with a bowl (the bowl of Hygieia) and with a serpent (symbol of life and resurrection).    
The serpent of Asklepios and the bowl of Hygieia   The staff of Mercury (Hermes) merged with the serpent of Asklepios
Continental apothecary icon  
Continental Apothecary icon   Pharmacy Cross 04, animation
Pharmacy Cross 01   Pharmacy Cross 02


Hippocrates 01   Hippocrates 03
Hippocrates (ca 460 BC to ca 380 BC) was a Greek physician. He founded the western world's first medical school. He has been called the Father of Medicine. The principle of patient confidentiality, of taking notes so that future generations can learn from the successes and failures of their predecessors, and the priniple that it is a doctor's duty to use his skill to save life rather than to take it (contained in the Hippocratic Oath which all doctors still swear today), are rooted in his teachings.  

The Hippocraqtic oath begins with the words: "I swear by Apollo the Physician and by Asclepius and by Hygieia and Panacea and by all the gods..."

Paracelsus   Samuel Hahnemann
01Paracelsus (1493-1541) has been called "the precursor of chemical pharmacology and therapeutics and the most original medical thinker of the sixteenth century."   02 Samuel Hahnemann, (1755-1843) was a German physician who, beginning with an article he published in a German medical journal in 1796, founded homoeopathic medicine.


Aspirina 01   Aspirina 02
Aspirina 03 : Molecular model of aspirin   Aspirina 04
Aspirina 05 : Molecular model of aspirin   Aspirina 06 : Molecular model of aspirin
Aspirina 07   Aspirina 08 with vitamin C
Aspirin advert: one pill decoratively placed on forehead of Indian woman  
09 Aspirin advert in India   Aspirin 10
Original Aspirin bottle (Bayer)
Pills 01   Pills 02
Pills 03    


Chicory   Medicinal herbs


01 Ancient pharmaceutical jar, as clean as on the day it was born   02 Pestle and mortar
03 Ancient pharmaceutical jars   04 Pestle and mortar
05 Pestle and mortar   06 Pharmacy scales
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